Clintonia umbellulata
(White Clintonia)

Other pictures of this plant:

               Seedpod                                           Leaf                                            Stem                                        Seed                                          Habit

Facts About this Plant:

    Common Names: White Clintonia, Speckled Wood Lily, White Bluebead Lily, Clinton's Lily
    Synonyms: Clintonia alleghaniensis, Xeniatrum umbellulatum
    Lifespan: Perennial
    Zones: 4 - 7
    Type: Forb
    Bloom Time: May - July
    Status: Native

Clintonia umbellulata, or White Clintonia, is native to the upper Appalachian area. It is a perennial, with large lily-like basal leaves, and grows in cool, mountain woods, often moist. It blooms in late spring to early summer with a stalk white flowers that have purple speckles.

The plant is one of only four in its genus. All can be easily distinguished from each other when in bloom. Additionally, only two species are in the western US, and have a small area of overlap, and only two species are in the eastern US, and overlap in a small area, also.

The follow criteria can be used to differentiate the species:
Clintonia andrewsii: red flowers; only found on the Western most coast of California
Clintonia borealis: yellow flowers; overlaps into the Appalachians, but is also found in the Great Lakes states and Northeastern US
Clintonia umbellulata: multiple white flowers with speckles; only in the Appalachians
Clintonia uniflora: has a single white flower per plant with no speckles, and can be found only in Washinton, Oregon, Idaho, Montana and California.

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