Pedicularis canadensis
(Wood Betony)

Other pictures of this plant:

               Seedpod                                           Leaf                                            Stem                                        Seed                                          Habit

Facts About this Plant:

    Common Names: Wood Betony, Canadian Lousewort, Lousewort
    Lifespan: Perennial
    Zones: 3 - 9
    Type: Forb
    Bloom Time: March - May
    Status: Native

Pedicularis canadensis, or Wood Betony, is native to most of the eastern United States. It grows in moist prairies, meadows, open woods and on woodland edges. It blooms in early spring, with flowers that can be either yellow, yellow and purple-brown or also more rarely, just purple-brown. This plant, like the rest in this genus, is considered hemi-parasitic; that means it is partially parasitic upon the plants near it.

This species is one of the most widespread in the genus, being found in the entire Eastern half of the US. It has mostly basal leaves (leaves that are only found at the base of the plant), and its serrated leaves are an unusual sight on a walk, with some describing them as "alien" looking. The plant can most easily be identified by its unusual flowers and leaves. It does look similar to a close relative, Pedicularis lanceolata, but it always has solid white to off-white flowers and blooms in the fall.

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